Menú
Menú

Especialidades

¡Oferta!

ANTIBIOTIC ESSENTIALS

¡Oferta!

72,84 69,20

Autor: CUNHA, C.B.
Editor: JAYPEE
Edición: 16
Páginas: 852
Año edición: 2019
SKU: 9789352709816 Categoría:

1. OVERVIEW OF ANTIMICROBIAL
THERAPY 1
Factors in Antibiotic Selection …………………….. 2
Spectrum …………………………………………………….. 2
Tissue Penetration……………………………………… 2
Antibiotic Resistance Potential………………… 3
Safety Profile……………………………………………….. 4
Cost………………………………………………………………. 4
Hemodialysis Dosing Strategies………………….. 4
Microbiology and Susceptibility Testing……. 5
In Vitro vs. In Vivo Susceptibility………………. 6
PK/PD and Other Considerations in
Antimicrobial Therapy ………………………………………6
Concentration vs. Time Dependent
Kinetics………………………………………………………… 6
Bactericidal vs. Bacteriostatic Therapy……. 7
Monotherapy vs. Combination Therapy…. 7
IV-to-PO Switch Therapy…………………………… 7
Bioavailability of Oral Antimicrobials……… 8
OPAT …………………………………………………………….. 8
Duration of Antibiotic Therapy………………… 9
Colonization vs. Infection …………………………….. 9
Urine (AUC and CAB) …………………………………. 9
Respiratory Secretions……………………………..10
Wounds………………………………………………………10
Sacral Decubitus Ulcers and Diabetic
Foot Ulcers……………………………………………..11
Positive Blood Cultures vs. Bacteremia
(MSSA, MRSA, CoNS)…………………………….11
Drug Fever……………………………………………………..12
Relative Bradycardia…………………………………12
Antibiotic Failure (DDx) ……………………………….13
Classic Infections Not Curable with
Antimicrobial Therapy Alone ………………….13
Antibiotic Stewardship: Principles and
Practice……………………………………………………….14
2. EMPIRIC THERAPY BASED ON CLINICAL
SYNDROME 17
CNS Infections
Acute Bacterial Meningitis (ABM) ………………18
Acute Nonbacterial/Chronic Meningitis……21
Encephalitis……………………………………………………25
Brain Abscess/Subdural Empyema/
Cavernous Vein Thrombosis/Intracranial
Suppurative Thrombophlebitis………………28
HEENT Infections
Facial/Periorbital Cellulitis…………………………..30
Bacterial Sinusitis………………………………………….31
Keratitis…………………………………………………………..33
Conjunctivitis………………………………………………..34
Chorioretinitis……………………………………………….35
Endophthalmitis……………………………………………36
External Otitis………………………………………………..38
Acute Otitis Media………………………………………..39
Mastoiditis……………………………………………………..40
Suppurative Parotitis……………………………………41
Pharyngitis…………………………………………………….41
Thrush (Oropharyngeal Candidiasis)…………44
Mouth Ulcers/Vesicles………………………………….45
Deep Neck Infections, Lemierre’s
Syndrome, Severe Dental Infections……..48
Epiglottitis……………………………………………………..49
Lower Respiratory Tract Infections
Acute Bacterial Exacerbation of
Chronic Bronchitis (AECB)………………………….50
Mediastinitis………………………………………………….51
Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP)…..51
Non-Zoonotic Atypical Pneumonia …………..59
Zoonotic Atypical Pneumonia ……………………63
Lung Abscess/Empyema……………………………..72
Nursing Home Acquired Pneumonia
(NHAP)………………………………………………………..73
Nosocomial Pneumonia (NP, HAP, VAP) …….74
Cardiovascular Infections
Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis…………………76
Acute Bacterial Endocarditis……………………….80
Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis……………………..82
Pericarditis/Myocarditis……………………………….84
Central IV Line/Pacemaker Infections……….85
Vascular Graft Infections……………………………..88
Gastrointestinal Tract Infections
Esophagitis…………………………………………………….90
Peptic Ulcer Disease……………………………………..91
Gastric Perforation………………………………………..91
Diarrhea/Typhoid (Enteric) Fever………………….92
Cholecystitis…………………………………………………..99
Cholangitis…………………………………………………. 100
Gallbladder Wall Abscess/Perforation……. 100
Acute Pancreatitis……………………………………… 101
Pancreatic Abscess/Infected Pancreatic
Pseudocyst……………………………………………… 102
Liver Abscess……………………………………………… 102
Hepatosplenic Candidiasis………………………. 103
iv Antibiotic Essentials
Prelims.indd 4 19-03-2019 15:47:53
Granulomatous Hepatitis…………………………. 104
Viral Hepatitis…………………………………………….. 105
cIAIs/Intraabdominal or Pelvic Peritonitis/
Abscess (Colitis, Appendicitis,
Diverticulitis, Septic Pelvic
Thrombophlebitis, Spontaneous
Bacterial Peritonitis, CAPD-Associated
Peritonitis, TB Peritonitis)……………………… 108
Genitourinary Tract Infections
Dysuria-Pyuria Syndrome………………………… 111
Cystitis…………………………………………………………. 111
Catheter-Associated Bacteriuria/Candiduria 113
Epididymitis……………………………………………….. 114
cUTIs/Acute Pyelonephritis……………………… 115
Chronic Pyelonephritis…………………………….. 116
Renal TB………………………………………………………. 116
Renal Abscess (Intrarenal/Perinephric)….. 118
Prostatitis/Prostatic Abscess……………………. 119
Urosepsis…………………………………………………….. 120
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, Salpingitis,
Tuboovarian Abscess, Endometritis/
Endomyometritis, Septic Abortion…….. 122
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Urethritis/Cervicitis……………………………………..123
Vaginitis/Balanitis………………………………………..125
Genital Vesicles…………………………………………….126
Genital Ulcers……………………………………………….127
Suppurating Inguinal Adenopathy…………..128
Genital/Perianal Warts………………………………..128
Syphilis…………………………………………………………..129
Bone and Joint Infections
Septic Arthritis/Bursitis……………………………….132
Lyme Disease/Lyme Arthritis……………………..138
Infected Joint Prosthesis…………………………….139
Osteomyelitis………………………………………………..140
Skin and Soft Tissue Infections
Cellulitis, Erysipelas, Mastitis……………………..144
Complicated Skin/Skin Structure
Infections (cSSSIs) ……………………………………145
Skin Ulcers…………………………………………………….148
Skin Abscesses/Infected Cysts (Skin
Pustules/Boils, Furunculosis) …………………151
Skin Vesicles (Non-Genital) ………………………..153
Wound Infections………………………………………..155
Superficial Fungal Infections Skin/Nail…….158
Skin Infestations…………………………………………..161
Ischiorectal/Perirectal Abscess………………….162
Sepsis/Septic Shock 163
Febrile Neutropenia 171
Transplant Infections
Bacteremia ……………………………………………………172
Candidemia…………………………………………………..173
CMV/HHV-6/BK Virus…………………………………..174
EVB/PTLD………………………………………………………175
RSV …………………………………………………………………175
Adenovirus……………………………………………………175
Encephalitis/Meningitis………………………………176
Brain Abscess/Mass Lesions……………………….176
Focal/Segmental Pulmonary
Infiltrates…………………………………………………..177
Diffuse Pulmonary Infiltrates……………………..177
Viral Hepatitis……………………………………………….181
Toxin-Mediated Infectious Diseases
Toxic Shock Syndrome………………………………..182
Botulism………………………………………………………..184
Tetanus………………………………………………………….185
Diphtheria …………………………………………………….185
Bioterrorist Agents
Anthrax………………………………………………………….186
Tularemia Pneumonia…………………………………187
Pneumonic Plague………………………………………187
Botulism………………………………………………………..187
Smallpox ……………………………………………………….187
Ebola………………………………………………………………187
3. ANTIBIOTIC SUSCEPTIBILITY PROFILES
AND INITIAL THERAPY OF ISOLATES
PENDING SUSCEPTIBILITY RESULTS 195
Antibiotic Susceptibility Profiles (Penicillins,
Macrolides, Tetracyclines, and Others)…196
Antibiotic Susceptibility Profiles
(Cephalosporins) ……………………………………..201
Antibiotic Susceptibility Profiles
(Aminoglycosides, Fluoroquinolones,
Carbapenems, and Others)…………………….208
Gram Stain Characteristics of Isolates (by
Morphology Arrangement,
Oxygen Requirements)…………………………..213
Alphabetical Index of Isolates……………………215
Key Factors in Antibiotic Selection (Isolate
Known)………………………………………………………217
Antibiotic Resistance Potential………………….217
Aerobic Isolates……………………………………………218
Capnophilic Isolates…………………………………….245
Anaerobic Isolates……………………………………….246
Yeast/Fungi …………………………………………………..252
Empiric Antibiotic Therapy of Selected
Problem Pathogens………………………………. 258t
CSF Gram Stain…………………………………………….260
Sputum Gram Stain……………………………………..261
Urine Gram Stain………………………………………….262
Table of Contents v
Prelims.indd 5 19-03-2019 15:47:53
4. PARASITES, FUNGI, UNUSUAL
ORGANISMS 263
Blood Pathogens
Microfilaria in Blood…………………………………….264
Trypanosomes in Blood………………………………265
Spirochetes in Blood……………………………………267
Intracellular Inclusion Bodies in Blood……..271
CSF/Brain Pathogens
Cysts/Mass Lesions in CSF/Brain………………..274
Lung Pathogens
Pulmonary Cystic Lesions/Masses…………….279
Pulmonary Coin Lesions……………………………..280
Pulmonary Infiltrates/Mass Lesions………….281
Heart Pathogens
Chagas’ Disease ……………………………………………288
Liver Pathogens
Liver Flukes……………………………………………………288
Cystic Masses in Liver………………………………….289
Hepatomegaly ……………………………………………..290
Stool/Intestines Pathogens
Intestinal Protozoa ………………………………………292
Intestinal Nematodes (Roundworms) ………294
Intestinal Cestodes (Tapeworms)………………297
Intestinal Trematodes
(Flukes/Flatworms) ………………………………….298
Other Intestinal Infections………………………….299
Skin/Muscle Pathogens
Infiltrative Skin/Subcutaneous Lesions….. 301
Infiltrative Skin Lesions ± Ulcers/Sinus
Tracts/Abscesses……………………………………. 302
Skin Vesicles/Bullae…………………………………… 306
Subcutaneous Serpiginous Lesions……….. 306
Skin Papules/Nodules/Abscesses…………… 307
Rickettsia (Fever/Petechial Skin Rash)……. 313
Other Skin Lesions…………………………………….. 316
Myositis……………………………………………………….. 317
5. HIV INFECTION 319
Overview ……………………………………………………. 320
Stages of HIV Infection……………………………… 321
Acute (Primary) HIV Infection………………….. 322
Approach to HIV Testing…………………………… 323
Initial Assessment of HIV Infection………………..326
Indications for Treatment of HIV
Infection………………………………………………….. 329
Antiretroviral Treatment…………………………… 330
Antiretroviral Treatment Failure………………. 334
Prophylaxis of Opportunistic Infections… 337
Treatment of Opportunistic Infections….. 340
Treatment of Other Opportunistic
Infections in HIV…………………………………….. 358
HIV Coinfections (HBV/HCV)……………………. 365
6. PROPHYLAXIS AND
IMMUNIZATIONS 371
Surgical Prophylaxis………………………………….. 372
Post-Exposure Prophylaxis………………………. 376
Chronic Medical Prophylaxis/Suppression…382
HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP)……………384
HIV Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) …………..384
HIV Opportunistic Infections…………………………384
Transplant Prophylaxis…………………………………….386
Endocarditis Prophylaxis………………………….. 388
Travel Prophylaxis……………………………………… 390
Malaria Prophylaxis…………………………………… 394
Tetanus Prophylaxis………………………………….. 396
Immunizations…………………………………………… 397
7. PEDIATRIC INFECTIOUS DISEASES
AND PEDIATRIC DRUG
SUMMARIES 403
CNS Infections…………………………………………… 404
HEENT Infections……………………………………… 409
Lower Respiratory Tract Infections………… 415
Vascular Infections…………………………………… 421
Gastrointestinal Infections……………………… 423
Bone and Joint Infections……………………….. 427
Skin and Soft Tissue Infections………………. 431
Pediatric Antimicrobial Drugs Dosages….434
8. CHEST X-RAY ATLAS 443
Unilateral Focal Segmental/Lobar
Infiltrate
Without Effusion……………………………………………..444
Unilateral Focal Segmental/Lobar
Infiltrate With Effusion…………………………. 449
Unilateral Ill-Defined Infiltrates
Without Effusion …………………………………. 454
Unilateral Ill-Defined Infiltrates With
Effusion …………………………………………………………461
vi Antibiotic Essentials
Prelims.indd 6 19-03-2019 15:47:53
Bilateral Infiltrates Without Effusion …….. 465
Bilateral Infiltrates With Effusion …………… 475
Cavitary Infiltrates (Thick-Walled) …………. 480
Cavitary Infiltrates (Thin-Walled) ………….. 487
9. INFECTIOUS DISEASE DIFFERENTIAL
DIAGNOSIS 491
10. ANTIBIOTIC PEARLS & PITFALLS 525
11. ANTIMICROBIAL DRUG SUMMARIES 539
APPENDIX 771
INDEX 791
COLOR ATLAS OF CSF, SPUTUM, AND
URINE GRAM STAINS & FUNGAL STAINS

Valoraciones

No hay valoraciones aún.

Sé el primero en valorar “ANTIBIOTIC ESSENTIALS”

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

Ir arriba